Background: In favor of the economic value of tobacco,Indonesia has minimal anti-smoking policies and regulations.Even though smoking is not permitted in the government offices,health facilities, and schools, the regulation has not yet beenfully implemented, particularly in tertiary education institutionssuch as universities. Faculty of medicine, as institutioneducating future medical professional, should be role model inimplementing the tobacco free campus policy.
Objective: The present study examines the effectiveness oftobacco free campus policy in the Faculty of Medicine,University of Gadjah Mada (FM UGM) in Yogyakarta Province.Method: Two cross-sectional surveys on medical studentsmoking behaviors were conducted in 2003 (n=734) and 2007(n=463), respectively. The prevalence of smoking and quittingeffort were measured in both surveys. Studentâs opinion ontobacco free campus policy was measured in 2007.
Result: The percentage of male non-smoker has increased19.1%, while among female was 1.2%. While 11.9% studentsstopped smoking when they were admitted in FM UGM, 6%quitted smoking following the tobacco free campusimplementation and 7% reduced the number of cigarettessmoked. Moreover, ninety percent of male and 94% of femalestudents at public schools supported the implementation oftobacco free campus policy.
Conclusion: The implementation of tobacco free campuspolicy has positive impact on reducing smoking behavior andpromoting quitting behavior among students in FM UGM. Bothmale and female students unanimously support the tobaccofree area.Keywords: smoke free area, smoking status, smoking behavior,university student
Keywords: smoke free area, smoking status, smoking behavior,
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